Chairs: Matthew Wang, Serena Ng
Topic: The Soviet Afghan War
It is Febuary 15th 1989, and just a year ago, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan launched a bloody coup against the former government in the Saur Revolution, seizing power and establishing the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Drastic reforms and crackdowns have been undertaken against the Afghan way of life, with dissenters against the new socialist government being rounded up in the thousands, with many more executed in devastating purges for minor crimes against the government, with many Afghans beginning to fear for the "Knock on the Door" that signalled the arrival of the judge, jury and executioner. Soon after the new government took power, feelings of resentment and hate towards the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan began to rise within their populace, with entire swathes of Afghanistan rising in full revolt against their government. In contrast, the new Afghan government begins to seek and improve ties to their Soviet Socialist neighbour up north. Afghanistan continues to spiral into increasing internal chaos, with the ruling party of Afghanistan, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, being plunged into an internal struggle. As instability continues to grip Afghanistan with revolts and rebellions spring up all across the country and large swathes of the military defecting against the central government in Kabul. Seeing increasing chaos and the possibility of the conflict embroiling the rest of the Middle East into flame, the Security Council has convened an emergency session to restore a semblance of peace and stability to Afghanistan.
Historical Security Council
Chairs: Brendon Mak, Lorraine Chau
Topic: Addressing the Situation in Afghanistan
Afghanistan has been named the "graveyard of empires" by many, from defeating the ancient superpower of Alexander the Great and his Macedonian Empire, the mighty forces of the British Empire in their heyday to the overwhelming forces that rolled into Afghanistan under the flag of the Soviet Union. United States President Joe Biden's administration has continued with the Trump administration's policy of withdrawing troops from Afghanistan. The final remnants of American military assets in Afghanistan are expected to be withdrawn in July after negotiations and the successful peace talks with the Taliban. But as the fragile Afghan National government, once propped up by American arms, begins to fall with increased terror attacks and reprisals against the Afghan government and Afghan civilians, with military bases that once secured the Afghan regime falling rapidly to Taliban forces. As America withdraws, the Security Council shall focus on the long-term future of Afghanistan, securing the safety of the Afghan people, the fate of international peacekeeping forces in Afghanistan and dealing with the wave of Afghan refugees escaping the rising violence between the Taliban and Government Security forces. This committee shall explore Afghanistan's long-term geopolitical future and return peace and stability to the land of poppies.
Economic and Social Council
Chairs: Robert Subak-Sharpe, Alden Ho
Topic: Mobilizing Financial Resources for Developing Nations to fight against Covid 19
SARS-CoV-2 has devastated the world, destroying existing support structures, locking down swathes of nations and has caused immense economic and human losses. Although the more developed countries have slowly begun to recover from the disease with widespread implementations of vaccines, the lesser developed countries in the "third world" had near-to-non existing healthcare support structures even before Covid 19. Developing Nations have been hit hard from both the increasing spread of various variants and the unavailability of vaccines and other essential healthcare supplies. As Covid-19 and various more transmissible variants of Covid begin to wreak havoc onto lesser developed countries, the United Nations Economic and Social Council will aim to mobilize the resources of developed nations and the international community to aid the plight of the developing nations with the end goal to limit the amount of human, economic and social suffering to the world. This committee will also focus on finding long term solutions to the issue of healthcare and financial and economic reserves for developing nations to deal with such crises in the future.
Chairs: Rex Li, Kyan Cheung
Topic: Disarmament of Militant Non-State Actors in the Middle East
12.4 million people in the Middle East and North Africa have been displaced due to instability and conflict between non-state actors and governments. Hundreds of thousands more have had their livelihoods, homes and even lives destroyed by non-state actors. Many more had seen the once stable nature of their homes turned into battlegrounds, with mines littering the fields and children holding guns, fighting to their deaths. But as the conflicts in the Middle East begin to die down, the arms carried by non-state actors must be disarmed to prevent any egregious harm committed against non-combatants. The Disarmament and International Security Committee shall focus on disarming and reaching a peaceful agreement with non-state actors in the Middle East, restoring peace to areas wrought with the destruction of vital infrastructure and forced conscription of civilians into militias and terrorist groups. This committee shall also focus on the long term prevention of military-grade heavy weapons from entering the hands of both terrorist organizations and militant non-state actors. The committee shall mainly focus on disarming non-state actors such as but not limited to the PJAK, Hezbollah, Hamas, ISIL and Al Qaeda.
Disarmament and International Security (DISEC)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Chairs: Trina Kwong, Kristen Poon
Topic: Protecting Refugees from Covid-19
As of December 2020, 80 million people have been forcibly displaced by war, conflict, natural disasters, famine and poverty. 26.3 million of those 80 million have become refugees, fleeing their home countries for a glimmer of hope and stability not seen in their homelands, having to brave perils to reach the dilapidated and unsafe conditions of refugee camps. With the advent of Covid-19, millions of refugees already in unsanitary camps lacking essential healthcare services have had horrendous conditions exacerbated by the lack of quality healthcare for refugees afflicted with Covid-19 and the shortage of crucial supplies as face coverings and disinfectant. As a result, the unsanitary conditions of refugees in camps result in cases ballooning and refugees put at risk. This UNHCR Committee shall focus on protecting such refugees from Covid 19, improving the sanitary conditions of refugee camps and improving already-existing refugee support systems to safeguard further the rights and liberties of refugees around the world.
Chairs: Ashleigh Fung, Valerie Yum
Topic: The Issue of Covid-19 Vaccine imbalances across the world
Covid-19 has ravaged the world, paralyzing economies and industries crucial to the world's health, evolving infectious variants that kill thousands every day, devastating the healthcare systems of third-world nations, with hundreds of thousands of citizens unable to resume pre-pandemic productivity. Nonetheless, many first-world countries have begun to recover from the pandemic via the use of vaccines, with one of the most successful first-world countries, Israel, with 57% of their population receiving both doses of the vaccine. Although many developed nations have pledged to donate vaccines to lesser developed nations, the world is still seeing a massive imbalance in vaccination rates. First World nations have begun to return to loosen pandemic regulations as their populations gradually shift to increased vaccination rates. In contrast, many Third World nations continue to suffer from intermittent bouts of Covid-19 cases waves. This committee shall focus on advancing vaccination rates all across the globe, especially in third world nations, creating an equal supply of vaccines for all countries, no matter their development and increasing public trust of citizens in third-world nations towards vaccines.
The World Health Organization (WHO)
Human Rights Council (HRC)
Chairs: Nicolas Wong, Leila Zak
Topic: The Issue of Human Rights in Conflicts against Armed Non-State Actors
Chairs: William Li, John Chan
Topic: Re-Evaluating the EU's Role in Global Affairs
The European Union, born as a partial economic union between the war-torn nations of Western Europe, has progressed into a full-fledged partnership between 27 countries that stretches from the Atlantic Coast to the Black Sea. But as tensions across the world increase and conflicts arise on her borders, the previously passive policy of the European Union must adapt to this ever-changing world to redefine the EU's stance on global affairs and protect the EU from issues abroad. As of 2021, the European Commission has defined their foreign policy goals as the following, to contribute to peacekeeping on a global scale, to promote democracy and human rights in developing and neighbouring countries, support global security, be a world leader in the fight against climate change and increase international trade.